The NFB is an integrated production and distribution organization with an extensive film collection, a conservation laboratory, and postproduction and R&D facilities.

The NFB produces in both official languages through its English and French Programs, which comprise several production studios, each headed by an executive producer. Its films are made by independent staff and directors in the different regions of Canada. The NFB has 11 production centres across Canada: Montreal, Toronto, Moncton, Halifax, St. John’s, Winnipeg, Edmonton and Vancouver.

The NFB has established an effective distribution network with partners in both the public sector (public and school libraries) and the private (distributors, cataloguers, movie theatre chains, video retail outlets, etc.) in order to provide access to its audiovisual works in all provinces and territories of Canada. Additionally, the Board acts as a distributor abroad.